Puspita Ayu Permatasari
Master management of world heritage and tourism candidate at University of Paris 1, Panthéon sorbonne
LPDP Awardee Batch – 16
The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, UNESCO, is a particular UN agency that encourages international peace and human rights by promoting and enhancing collaboration among nations through education, science and culture preservation. One of its main missions concerns the protection and preservation of World Heritage Sites, which is stipulated in the Convention on the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, signed in Paris November 16th, 1972.
Such Convention stresses the protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage of outstanding universal value. UNESCO, together with the member states, is committed to implementing the World Heritage Convention in order to identify, preserve and communicate World Heritage Sites, especially for the next generations.
World Heritage Sites (WHSs) consist of three major categories. Natural heritage, whose outstanding universal values emphasize superlative natural phenomena consisting of physical, geological and biological formations with exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance. Cultural heritage signifies the exceptional human masterpieces reflected on the buildings, monuments, archeological sites, ideas, beliefs and cultural traditions. Mixed heritage is a combination between natural phenomenon and the cultural values represented in a heritage site.
In order to reinforce the support and preservation missions of world heritage sites, the UNESCO chair in ICT to develop and promote sustainable tourism in World Heritage Sites presents a research on the online presence of UNESCO sites located in the 19 member countries of World Heritage Convention within the scope of South, East, and South East Asia regions. The main objectives of this research are (i) to provide a brief overview on WHSs’ online presence; (ii) to depict their representation on specific social media systems; and (iii) to map the mobile apps devoted to them.
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